United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
is one of the sixth principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter. The council deals with specific conflicts situations and issues that may jeopardize world peace and international security.it is the only UN organ that can impose measures that are binding on all member states, UNSC is composed of 5 permanent state members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States), and 10 non-permanent members. UNSC decisions on all procedural matters require affirmative votes of 9 members. Other resolutions also must be approved by 9 members, which must include the 5 permanent members (Veto Powers). Sanctions imposed against a state that endangers world peace and international security are usually are binding on all UN member states. UNSC’s powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through security council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The SC held its first session on 17 January 1946.
Topic A: Finding a Sustainable Solution for Peace in Afghanistan
Peace has become a dream for Afghans, who have suffered many wars in past decades. Finding an urgent and sustainable solution needs joint cooperation in and outside of Afghanistan. Pushing terroristic networks toward peace talks and negotiations and putting more military forces in battlefields. From the other hand regional countries should play a very effective role in peace process of Afghanistan.
Topic B: The Question of Sudan
Sudan has been in the midst of a political crisis since long-serving ruler Omar al-Bashir’s overthrow in April. The military and pro-democracy movement has been locked in a tussle for power that has led to mass protests and killings. The security forces have used brute force to strengthen the position of the generals, killing dozens of people – and throwing many bodies in the River Nile – in a crackdown on protesters in the capital.
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