United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime:
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a global leader in the struggle against illicit drugs and transnational organized crime, and the United Nations lead program on terrorism. UNODC works to inform the world about the dangers of drug abuse and to strengthen international action against drug production, trafficking and drug-related crime. UNODC also works to improve crime prevention and to assist with criminal justice reform in a number of countries. UNODC works with Member States to strengthen the rule of law, promote stable and viable criminal justice systems and combat the growing threats of transnational organized crime and corruption. UNODC bases its work on the three pillars of research and analytical work, normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of international treaties, and the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and field-based technical cooperation projects.
Topic A: The Afghan Heroin Trade and its reform
Though stunning in scale, the fact that opium poppy cultivation expanded in Afghanistan is not surprising. The country’s economy has been in a deep slump since 2013 when the United States and NATO radically drew down their troop presence, around which much of Afghan economy was built after 2002. Additional factors that hampered Afghanistan’s legal economy were the accompanying security failures, the intensification of the Taliban insurgency, the growth in other forms of insecurity (from crime to the Islamic State in Khorasan), and persisting problems with corruption and rule of law.
Topic B: Preventing Illicit Financial Gain from Organized Crimes and Drug Trafficking
Criminals, especially drug traffickers, may have laundered around $1.6 trillion, or 2.7 per cent of global GDP, in 2009, according to a new report by UNODC. This figure is consistent with the 2 to 5 per cent range previously established by the International Monetary Fund to estimate the scale of money laundering.
Less than 1% of global illicit financial flows is currently being seized and frozen, according to the report Estimating illicit financial flows resulting from drug trafficking and other transnational organized crime. “Tracking the flows of illicit funds generated by drug trafficking and organized crime and analyzing how they are laundered through the world’s financial systems remain daunting tasks,” acknowledged Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC.
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