United Nations Human Rights Commission:
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights was established in 1946 to weave the international legal fabric that protects our fundamental rights and freedoms. Composed of 53 States members, its brief expanded over time to allow it to respond to the whole range of human rights problems and it set standards to govern the conduct of States. It also acted as a forum where countries large and small, non-governmental groups and human rights defenders from around the world voiced their concerns.
During its regular annual session in Geneva, for which over 3,000 delegates from member and observer States and from non-governmental organizations participated, the Commission adopted about a hundred resolutions, decisions and Chairperson’s statements on matters of relevance to individuals in all regions and circumstances. It was assisted in this work by the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, a number of working groups and a network of individual experts, representatives and rapporteurs mandated to report to it on specific issues.
Topic A: Rights of Disabled Individuals
Disabled people are also entitled for their rights in the society as other human beings are. Disabled person “as anyone who cannot ensure the necessities of a normal individual and or social life as result of deficiency in physical and mental capabilities” should be assisted in his/her life. Many progressed societies have accomplished the rights of disabled people through much hard efforts and endeavors for disabled people in different sections such as the right to education, the right to health, the right to freedom and so on. United Nations declared the rights of disabled people for the first time on 9 December 1975 in their general assembly. The disabled person shall enjoy all rights contained in this declaration without distinction or discrimination. The disabled people have inherent rights to respect for their human dignity and irrespective of the origin, nature and seriousness of their handicaps and disabilities, have same fundamental rights.
Topic B: Protect the Rights of Those Facing the Death Penalty
Death Penalty also known as Capital Punishment is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a crime. As it is clear that every individual has the right to live on the earth and should not be killed by another human being. Their fore, Death penalty would be against this fundamental right of human beings in the world. Death Penalty is a matter of active controversy in several countries and states. The United Nations has adopted non-binding resolutions for abolition of Death Penalty and execution. Although, most countries and nations abolished capital punishment, over 60 per cent of the world’s population live in countries where the death penalty is retained.
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